Jeffrey Shaman studies the intersection of climate, atmospheric science, hydrology and biology. His talk covers the environmental determinants of infectious disease transmission and in particular, how hydrologic variability affects mosquito ecology and mosquito-borne disease transmission, and how atmospheric conditions impact …
Public Health and Climate
Daytime temperature fluctuations greatly alter the incubation period of malaria parasites in mosquitoes and alter transmission rates of the disease. Consideration of these fluctuations reveals a more accurate picture of climate change’s impact on malaria. Most studies use average monthly temperatures to study the …
Wladimir Alonso explains the scientific possibilities and challenges in the investigation of the seasonal patterns of diseases in general and respiratory infections in particular. A demonstration of how students can reveal original epidemiological patterns by exploring ancient and contemporary datasets is demonstrated with the help of a free analytical software developed by the author.
Dr. Gutowski’s research concentrates on the role of atmospheric dynamics in climate. Central focuses are the dynamics of the hydrologic cycle and regional climate.
Madeleine Thomson discusses how malaria control efforts have evolved from early efforts to eradicate the disease to a focus on treating the disease and most recently back to eradication. (Eradication by 2030 is now considered central to achieving all of the United Nation’s Millenium Development Goals). She discusses research efforts including mapping and climate change projections as planning tools to help in support of that goal.
YCEI Director Mark Pagani welcomes participants to this forum, and introduces the first speaker, Noah Diffenbaugh, from Stanford University. Noah’s research interests are centered on the dynamics and impacts of climate variability and change, including the role of humans as a coupled component of the climate system. Much of his work has focused on the role of fine-scale processes in shaping climate change impacts, including studies of extreme weather, water resources, agriculture, human health, and poverty vulnerability.
Cecile Viboud, Fogarty International Center, NIH, focuses her research on the transmission dynamics and mortality burden of influenza. She is working at the interface between disease modeling, empirical data, evolutionary genetics, and public health. Her work has helped revisit historical pandemics in Europe, Asia, and the Americas; characterized the spatial and temporal transmission dynamics of epidemic and pandemic influenza; and quantified the benefits of various vaccination strategies in low- and high-income countries.
Uriel Kitron’s talk draws from a career in eco-epidemiology of infectious diseases that has spanned at least five systems: dengue, Chagas disease, malaria, schistosomiasis and West Nile virus in Atlanta and in Chicago. He studies the transmission dynamics and ecology of the insect vectors and the mammalian and avian reservoir hosts, incorporating a strong field component (trapping vertebrates, collecting insects, identifying environmental features), spatial analysis, and laboratory work.
Professor William Reisen is from UC Davis, Department of Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology. He is an expert in mosquito and vectorborne disease ecology. His research focus is population ecology of mosquitoes and their vertebrate hosts in relation to the epidemiology, surveillance and control of mosquito-borne pathogens.