Jeffrey Shaman, from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health, discusses the “crossroads of scale” between climate change and infectious disease, and what it implies for malaria and cholera in a warming world.
Public Health and Climate
Mercedes Pascual studies the population dynamics of infectious diseases, their response to changing environments, and their interplay with pathogen diversity with a special focus on malaria and cholera.
Jeffrey Shaman studies the intersection of climate, atmospheric science, hydrology and biology. His talk covers the environmental determinants of infectious disease transmission and in particular, how hydrologic variability affects mosquito ecology and mosquito-borne disease transmission, and how atmospheric conditions impact …
Daytime temperature fluctuations greatly alter the incubation period of malaria parasites in mosquitoes and alter transmission rates of the disease. Consideration of these fluctuations reveals a more accurate picture of climate change’s impact on malaria. Most studies use average monthly temperatures to study the …
Wladimir Alonso explains the scientific possibilities and challenges in the investigation of the seasonal patterns of diseases in general and respiratory infections in particular. A demonstration of how students can reveal original epidemiological patterns by exploring ancient and contemporary datasets is demonstrated with the help of a free analytical software developed by the author.
Dr. Gutowski’s research concentrates on the role of atmospheric dynamics in climate. Central focuses are the dynamics of the hydrologic cycle and regional climate.
Madeleine Thomson discusses how malaria control efforts have evolved from early efforts to eradicate the disease to a focus on treating the disease and most recently back to eradication. (Eradication by 2030 is now considered central to achieving all of the United Nation’s Millenium Development Goals). She discusses research efforts including mapping and climate change projections as planning tools to help in support of that goal.
YCEI Director Mark Pagani welcomes participants to this forum, and introduces the first speaker, Noah Diffenbaugh, from Stanford University. Noah’s research interests are centered on the dynamics and impacts of climate variability and change, including the role of humans as a coupled component of the climate system. Much of his work has focused on the role of fine-scale processes in shaping climate change impacts, including studies of extreme weather, water resources, agriculture, human health, and poverty vulnerability.
Cecile Viboud, Fogarty International Center, NIH, focuses her research on the transmission dynamics and mortality burden of influenza. She is working at the interface between disease modeling, empirical data, evolutionary genetics, and public health. Her work has helped revisit historical pandemics in Europe, Asia, and the Americas; characterized the spatial and temporal transmission dynamics of epidemic and pandemic influenza; and quantified the benefits of various vaccination strategies in low- and high-income countries.