Bill Boos introduces Professor Yutaka Kondo, Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, as the first speaker in a day-long symposium devoted to recent advanced in atmospheric science. Professor Kondo discusses a range of chemical and physical processes incorporating recent models and in situ measurements.
Bill Boos, Department of Geology & Geophysics at Yale University, explains new research into the mechanics of monsoons answering the question why it rains where it rains in the tropics.
Philip Rasch, an atmospheric scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, provides a background on geo-engineering, “an intentional change to the climate system, intended to counteract the effects of greenhouse gases.” Even if we make the decision never to deploy some of the proposed technologies, he suggests trials may be an important way to better understand the system’s response.
Dry regions, where evaporation and evapotranspiration exceed the annual mean precipitation, cover about 40% of Earth’s land surface and affect the livelihood of …
Global climate models all predict that the Northeastern United States may be particularly vulnerable to both short- and long-term effects of global warming. Some of these effects—such as higher average temperature and sea level, along with more intense and more frequent storms and droughts—are already being felt in the New England area. As we learned from Hurricane Irene, Superstorm Sandy and winter storm Nemo, isolated weather extremes riding on gradual trends can be extraordinarily damaging. A 2011 report by the American Security Project estimated that failure to mitigate or plan for what is likely to become the new normal could result in the loss of 100,000 jobs and $22 billion from the regional economy between 2010 and 2050.
While coarse global models can indicate the overall direction of change, much more detailed regional climate, economic and land-use models are needed to assess how global warming will affect New England, county by county, in the 21st century—and to create prudent and effective policies and plans for dealing with the coming changes.
A distinguished panel shares their thoughts on how New England should respond to climate change projections.
Senator Chris Murphy, United States Senator for Connecticut Katie Scharf Dykes, Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection Marion McFadden, Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force, US Department of HUD Kerry Emanuel, Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, MIT Alexander Felson, Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and Urban Ecology & Design Lab Ronald Smith, Dept. of Geology & Geophysics and Center for Earth Observation, Yale University
MODERATOR: Anthony Leiserowitz, Director, Yale Project on Climate Change Communication
Gavin Schmidt is a climatologist and climate modeler at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York who works on the variability of the ocean circulation and climate using general circulation models (GCMs).
Yale Professor Ron Smith’s talk focuses on the heat/drought surface climate feedback of the Texas Drought of 2011 and explores the effects of the drought on three regions of different land cover type. His work utilizes digital image processing and MODIS time series to statistically explore changes as a function of land cover type.
Kerry Emanuel, an atmospheric scientist with the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences of MIT, discusses the interaction of atmospheric circulation and convection with tropical cyclones (hurricanes), and the implications of climate change.
Christoph Schar, Professor at the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, discusses historical heatwaves (including that of 1980 which claimed over 10,000 lives), the variability hypothesis, recent scenarios, land-surface atmosphere coupling, and atmospheric convection.