Climate Change

formerly “Climate Science” this has been updated in recognition of the fact that ALL of our articles, events, etc. involve climate sciience.  ”Climate change” is intended to suggest changing elements of the climate: e.g., shifts in global oceanic and atmospheric circulation and ensuing changes to temperature, precipitation, groundwater levels, saltwater intrusion.

Climate Change Impacts on Coral Reefs Felt in Surrounding Ecosystems

Studies have shown that variation in species responses to changing climate will result in disruption of biotic interactions such as predation, parasitism, competition, and mutualism, ultimately leading to changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning (e.g., Both et al. 2009). Just as different species are linked by a network of interactions, ecosystems are connected by…

Thure Cerling: Early Hominem Environments in the Turkana Basin

Thure Cerling is a pioneer in the use of stable isotopes of Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen to study historic changes in CO2 levels in the Earth’s atmosphere. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2001. In recent years he’s used stable isotopes to analyze hair, teeth and bone to better understand the impacts of changing CO2 levels on habitat, animals and man.

Linking the Development of a Novel Paleostorm Indicator with Regional Sea-Level Rise Projections and Urban Ecological Design: An Interdisciplinary Foundation for Implementing Connecticut Coastal Resilience Plans

This project seeks to identify proxy indicators in near shore sediments that will give insight into the history of storms and sea-level rise along the Connecticut coast. Collaborators will simultaneously investigate adaptive models and associated policy changes to facilitate adaptation to future storms whose consequences are anticipated to be more severe as sea level continues to rise.

Chinese Annals and Traditional Proxies Reveal Volcanic Monsoon Influence

Volcanic eruptions are generally considered one of the best-understood (and most dramatic) causes of sudden climate changes, with large explosive eruptions capable of causing severe short-term cooling on hemispheric and global scales. This mainly occurs when eruptions inject large volumes of sulfur dioxide into the high atmosphere, where the gas oxidizes to form an aerosol particle haze that reflects incoming solar radiation to space, cooling the…

Global Warming Slows, But Only On the Surface

Global surface temperatures, which rose steadily during the end of the 20th century, have by some measures ceased to climb during the early 21st century. Since carbon dioxide emissions have certainly not decreased during this period, climate science detractors have held this as evidence that global warming is neither caused by human activities nor worth worrying about. A new study by Chen and…

Climate Changing the West Antarctic Food Web

The western Antarctic Peninsula is experiencing rapid climate change evidenced by warmer air temperatures, increased westerlies, glacial and ice shelf retreat, reduced sea ice cover and delayed time of sea ice formation.  The west Antarctic Peninsula food web shows influences of this rapid climate change: reduction in phytoplankton biomass, abundance of Antarctic krill and Adélie penguins have all been associated with changed environmental

Mapping Fungal Biogeography

Understanding fungal biogeography, the distribution of fungi, bacteria, and viruses, is key to understanding how ecosystems function. A thorough understanding of the ecological linkages between communities, their environment, and ecosystem function requires analysis across multiple spatial or temporal scales. In a recent study, Talbot et al. (2014) explored the taxonomic and functional distributions of fungi at the continental scale, with findings that…

Lifestyles of the High and Low GHG Emitters

Where should you live to most reduce your carbon footprint? It seems obvious that city life with smaller homes, mass transportation, and easy access to shops and restaurants is preferable to the suburbs with its cars and bigger homes. But how about the benefits of rural areas where people grow their food and live closer to the land? What about regional climate, income and energy price differences? A recent analysis by Jones and Kammen (2013)…

Meteorological Influences on Lyme Disease

Over the past two decades Lyme disease has emerged as the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. It is currently endemic in at least 12 states, from Virginia in the South to Maine in the North, and Minnesota and Wisconsin in the West. The majority of cases are believed to be transmitted by nymphal ticks during late spring and early summer months of June, July, and August. Control methods currently focus on the…

South Australia Drought Attributed to Climate Change

Recent precipitation declines over the poleward and western margins of subtropical dry zones from North America to Australia are consistent with a reorganization of atmospheric dynamics attributable to global warming. But are these droughts attributable to anthropogenic forcings like increased GHG, aerosols and ozone, or are they within the realm of natural variability?  The answer is not always clear. In the case of California…

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