SEED Grant Research

Intelligent Buildings: Energy Monitoring/Management, and Related Impact on Utility Market Dynamics

Michelle D. Addington 2010-2012

Despite the full automation of the energy-metering infrastructure at the building level, today there is little knowledge about where and how energy is internally consumed in large buildings and how this consumption corresponds to occupant productivity and comfort needs.  In this project we will investigate new methods for determining electric...

Climate Change, Water Insecurity, and Urban Dengue Transmission in Variable Landscapes

Ronald Smith 2010-2012

Climatic factors can influence the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases through effects on the life cycle of the pathogens and arthropods that transmit them. Climate change may also indirectly influence disease transmission if human adaptation results in improved condition for pathogen persistence. For example, reduced rainfall and...

Protecting Water Supplies from Nitrosamine and Nitramine Carcinogen Contamination by Carbon Sequestration Operations

William Mitch, Lisa Pfefferle 2010-2012

Carbon sequestration, the removal of CO2 from combustion exhausts and its geological storage, is one of the major thrusts to reduce global warming. The only cost-effective, and commercially-available technology to remove CO2 from power plant flue gases for carbon sequestration relies on chemicals call amines to bind the CO2. Unfortunately,...

Late Holocene Paleoclimate Reconstruction and Long-Term Human Response in the Region of Timbuktu, Mali (West Africa): Interdisciplinary collaboration in the study of the Lake Faguibine region and the drought-afflicted populations

Roderick McIntosh, Peter Douglas, Ronald Smith 2009-2011

Experimental Studies of Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Mechanics of Carbonation of Ultramafic Rocks for CO2 Storage

Edward Bolton, David Bercovici, Robert Bailis, Zhengrong Wang 2009-2011

Of all greenhouse gases in the current atmosphere, it is well-recognized that CO2 represents the biggest radiative forcing on the earth’s climate (1.6 W/m2). Carbon sequestration thus becomes the...

Developing and Marketing Improved Cook-stoves for Rural Bangladesh

Robert Bailis, Alessandro Gomez 2009-2011

According to the World Health Organization, the leading killer of children worldwide in 2004 was acute respiratory infections (ARI). Epidemiological studies identify indoor air pollution (IAP) as a principal culprit, reporting powerful associations between IAP exposure and ARI symptoms. Biomass combustion within the household is thought to be...

Metabolic Flux Analysis for the Biosynthesis of Fuel Hydrocarbons

Scott Strobel 2009-2011

We propose to develop the direct production of fuel hydrocarbons from cellulose-based waste feedstock using a carbon neutral fermentation process employing Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072), an endophytic fungus recently isolated from Northern Patagonia. The fungus produces and excretes an extensive series of straight chained and branched medium...