SEED Grant Research

Protecting Water Supplies from Nitrosamine and Nitramine Carcinogen Contamination by Carbon Sequestration Operations

William Mitch, Lisa Pfefferle 2010-2012

Carbon sequestration, the removal of CO2 from combustion exhausts and its geological storage, is one of the major thrusts to reduce global warming. The only cost-effective, and commercially-available technology to remove CO2 from power plant flue gases for carbon sequestration relies on chemicals call amines to bind the CO2. Unfortunately,...

Using Plasmonics to Enhance Photocatalytic Water Splitting

Hui Cao 2010-2012

There has been a recent flurry of interest in combining plasmonics with photocatalysis. Plasmonics refers to the manipulation of light on sub-wavelength dimensions via surface plasmons in...

Intelligent Buildings: Energy Monitoring/Management, and Related Impact on Utility Market Dynamics

Michelle D. Addington 2010-2012

Despite the full automation of the energy-metering infrastructure at the building level, today there is little knowledge about where and how energy is internally consumed in large buildings and how this consumption corresponds to occupant productivity and comfort needs.  In this project we will investigate new methods for determining electric...

Developing and Marketing Improved Cook-stoves for Rural Bangladesh

Robert Bailis, Alessandro Gomez 2009-2011

According to the World Health Organization, the leading killer of children worldwide in 2004 was acute respiratory infections (ARI). Epidemiological studies identify indoor air pollution (IAP) as a principal culprit, reporting powerful associations between IAP exposure and ARI symptoms. Biomass combustion within the household is thought to be...

Metabolic Flux Analysis for the Biosynthesis of Fuel Hydrocarbons

Scott Strobel 2009-2011

We propose to develop the direct production of fuel hydrocarbons from cellulose-based waste feedstock using a carbon neutral fermentation process employing Gliocladium roseum (NRRL 50072), an endophytic fungus recently isolated from Northern Patagonia. The fungus produces and excretes an extensive series of straight chained and branched medium...

Land Surface Properties, Regional Climate Feedbacks and Urban Adaptations

Karen Seto, Ronald Smith 2009-2011

While the evidence of global warming continues to grow, the theory of regional climate change remains less well developed and less well accepted. Because individuals and societies experience only regional and local climates, our lack of knowledge threatens both public awareness of climate change and the design of adaptation strategies. An...

Late Holocene Paleoclimate Reconstruction and Long-Term Human Response in the Region of Timbuktu, Mali (West Africa): Interdisciplinary collaboration in the study of the Lake Faguibine region and the drought-afflicted populations

Roderick McIntosh, Peter Douglas, Ronald Smith 2009-2011