SEED Grant Research

Addressing Uncertainties in Ancient Temperature Reconstructions: Cultivation and Analysis of Marine Crenarchaota

Mark Pagani, Ruth Blake, Paul Turner, Jordan Peccia 2011-2013

This project addresses questions related to the ecology and diversity of modern marine archaea, and in turn seeks to evaluate the reliability of archaeal membrane lipid-based paleoclimate proxies. We employ samples collected from cultures, commercial and research aquariums, and select open ocean environments, in addition to satellite remote...

Human and climatic drivers of ecosystem change in Mongolia (Central Asia): Interdisciplinary collaboration in the study of forest-steppe productivity and pastoral nomadism

William Honeychurch, P Mark Ashton 2011-2013

Our research will answer the following question: in a socio-ecologically coupled system, what are the linkages between ecosystems, climate, human culture, and policy that promote sustainability? To answer this question we will examine data on ecosystem response to human and abiotic drivers over multiple time scales. Data from the past half...

Controlled Growth, Doping, and Modification of Carbon Materials for High Performance Catalysts and Electrodes

André Taylor 2011-2013

The goal of this project is to synthesize highly active doped graphene based materials for fuel cell cathode oxygen reduction reactions, high capacity lithium batteries, and transparent conductive electrodes for organic solar cell applications. The project requires state of the art synthesis to prepare novel molecules to be used as dopants, as...

Using Plasmonics to Enhance Photocatalytic Water Splitting

Hui Cao 2010-2012

There has been a recent flurry of interest in combining plasmonics with photocatalysis. Plasmonics refers to the manipulation of light on sub-wavelength dimensions via surface plasmons in...

Intelligent Buildings: Energy Monitoring/Management, and Related Impact on Utility Market Dynamics

Michelle D. Addington 2010-2012

Despite the full automation of the energy-metering infrastructure at the building level, today there is little knowledge about where and how energy is internally consumed in large buildings and how this consumption corresponds to occupant productivity and comfort needs.  In this project we will investigate new methods for determining electric...

Climate Change, Water Insecurity, and Urban Dengue Transmission in Variable Landscapes

Ronald Smith 2010-2012

Climatic factors can influence the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases through effects on the life cycle of the pathogens and arthropods that transmit them. Climate change may also indirectly influence disease transmission if human adaptation results in improved condition for pathogen persistence. For example, reduced rainfall and...

Protecting Water Supplies from Nitrosamine and Nitramine Carcinogen Contamination by Carbon Sequestration Operations

William Mitch, Lisa Pfefferle 2010-2012

Carbon sequestration, the removal of CO2 from combustion exhausts and its geological storage, is one of the major thrusts to reduce global warming. The only cost-effective, and commercially-available technology to remove CO2 from power plant flue gases for carbon sequestration relies on chemicals call amines to bind the CO2. Unfortunately,...

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