SEED Grant Research

Assessing threats of global change to the distribution and phylogenetic diversity of North American freshwater fishes

Walter Jetz, Peter Raymond 2012-2014

Freshwater systems and their biodiversity worldwide deliver important services, but are under severe threat from looming global change. One species group of particularly broad ecological and human significance is fishes. Freshwater fishes often exhibit limited geographic distributions and high potential risk of global extinction. Despite their...

A near-surface mapping standard for environmental management in resource development.

Michael Oristaglio, James Saiers, Ronald Smith 2012-2014

This project aims at providing a near-surface hydro geologic mapping standard for better environmental management during resource development, in particular of shale-gas reservoirs.

The near-surface region—roughly, the first 500 meters below ground level—is highly variable in its physical properties, yet it is generally the...

Human and climatic drivers of ecosystem change in Mongolia (Central Asia): Interdisciplinary collaboration in the study of forest-steppe productivity and pastoral nomadism

William Honeychurch, P Mark Ashton 2011-2013

Our research will answer the following question: in a socio-ecologically coupled system, what are the linkages between ecosystems, climate, human culture, and policy that promote sustainability? To answer this question we will examine data on ecosystem response to human and abiotic drivers over multiple time scales. Data from the past half...

Controlled Growth, Doping, and Modification of Carbon Materials for High Performance Catalysts and Electrodes

André Taylor 2011-2013

The goal of this project is to synthesize highly active doped graphene based materials for fuel cell cathode oxygen reduction reactions, high capacity lithium batteries, and transparent conductive electrodes for organic solar cell applications. The project requires state of the art synthesis to prepare novel molecules to be used as dopants, as...

The Use of Econometric Methods to Disentangle Greenhouse Warning and Aerosol Cooling in Observations and Climate Models

Trude Storelvmo 2011-2013

We apply econometric methods to climate observations in order to disentangle the contribution to modern climate change from greenhouse gases and aerosols, both constituents of the atmosphere which been increasing in concentrations in response to industrial activity. Our preliminary results suggest a substantial masking of the greenhouse warming...

Addressing Uncertainties in Ancient Temperature Reconstructions: Cultivation and Analysis of Marine Crenarchaota

Mark Pagani, Ruth Blake, Paul Turner, Jordan Peccia 2011-2013

This project addresses questions related to the ecology and diversity of modern marine archaea, and in turn seeks to evaluate the reliability of archaeal membrane lipid-based paleoclimate proxies. We employ samples collected from cultures, commercial and research aquariums, and select open ocean environments, in addition to satellite remote...

Using Plasmonics to Enhance Photocatalytic Water Splitting

Hui Cao 2010-2012

There has been a recent flurry of interest in combining plasmonics with photocatalysis. Plasmonics refers to the manipulation of light on sub-wavelength dimensions via surface plasmons in...

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