Perspectives

Perspective articles are contributed regularly by YCEI postdoctoral fellows and represent comprehensive reviews of topics specific to their expertise and research

The majority of research into the impacts of global change has focused on abiotic factors such as warming temperatures and increased concentration of carbon dioxide (IPCC-WGII 2007). However, it is becoming clear that the consequences of biodiversity loss on vital ecosystem functions including...
Intact ecological communities provide important ecosystem services including pest and disease control, clean water, coastal protection, and pollination (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005). All species exist as members of ecological communities, interacting with each other in complex ways that...
The increasing cost of petroleum extraction, awareness of anthropogenic climate change, and electrification of transportation1 have combined to help accelerate the demand for renewable power, of which direct solar photovoltaic (PV) generation is an increasingly significant fraction. Albeit not...
Regional climate responds to global temperature trends, but is also influenced by regional-specific and/or hemispheric processes.  For example, as a result of global warming and higher polar temperatures some regions of Antarctica are impacted by higher surface temperatures, reduced sea ice extent...
Dry regions, where evaporation and evapotranspiration exceed the annual mean precipitation, cover about 40% of Earth’s land surface and affect the livelihood of nearly two billion people, primarily in developing countries (Safriel and Adeel, 2005). Dry regions are primarily found in the subtropics...
Biologists increasingly realize that understanding the impact of global change on biological processes requires accounting for fine-grain environmental variability (Potter, Arthur Woods, & Pincebourde, 2013).  Similarly, climatologists have found that increasing the resolution of climate...
Human-induced climate change is altering precipitation patterns in most parts of the world (Stocker et al., 2013). In the future, climate change will likely exacerbate droughts (Trenberth et al., 2014; Dai, 2012) and drastically increase the likelihood of floods throughout many parts of South...

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