In the News

Contributor(s): Phoebe Zarnetske
In their recent Science article, Marcott and colleagues present a reconstruction of Earth’s mean surface temperature over the last 11,300 years – the Holocene. Why is this important? It is the most comprehensive and inclusive reconstruction to date from which to assess how novel our current...
Contributor(s): Maria Andrea Pinones
The Antarctic Peninsula is one the regions of the world that has experienced the highest impacts of climate change. In the last 40 years the mean annual air temperature has increased 2.8 degrees C causing massive ice shelves to disintegrate, declines in sea ice extent and a strong impact on all...
Contributor(s): Jordan Lang
Solar panels on the market today are almost universally limited to less than 20% efficiency at converting sunlight to electricity, and generally get more expensive as efficiency goes up. Numerous reasons exist for this low photovoltaic efficiency, but one of the most fundamental is the Shockley-...
Contributor(s): Adam Wilson
Biodiversity is an extremely important component of the Earth System that is both difficult to quantify and vital to understand. In a recent special issue of Remote Sensing, several articles describe the progress we have made in quantifying various aspects of biodiversity using novel imaging...
Contributor(s): Ning Dai
Either organic substances or the salt content of water could be turned into energy, with the help of membranes. This review paper presents several state-of-the-art membrane technologies: pressure-retarded osmosis and reverse electrodialysis, as well as microbial fuel-cell technology, all of which...
Contributor(s): Jordan Lang
While generally more costly to manufacture than silicon, compound semiconductors (usually composed of elements from columns three and five of the periodic table) offer superior performance when fabricated into solar cells. One of the methods of reducing the cost of these more expensive materials is...
Contributor(s): Ning Dai
Capturing CO2 and storing it underground has been proposed to be a major player in mitigating global climate change by reducing CO2 emission. Thermal power plants, being the largest point source of CO2 emission, naturally become the primary target of CO2 capture and storage (CCS). However, it is...

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