Environment

Belowground biotic interactions and how they respond to, and influence climate change via climate-ecosystem carbon feedbacks.

My research interests include soil, ecosystem and climate change ecology. Specifically, my work focuses on biotic interactions and how they respond to, and influence climate change via climate-ecosystem carbon feedbacks. My PhD work, conducted at Cardiff University, centered on the topic of soil biodiversity. This work advanced our theoretical and mechanistic understanding of how top-down processes control soil biodiversity and nutrient cycling.

For Ecologists, Is Climate Change Research Sufficiently Complex?

Climate change will alter myriad natural processes as precipitation patterns shift and oceanic and atmospheric temperatures and CO2 concentrations rise. Modern ecology and environmental science has already examined the potential effects of climate change on species and ecosystems, allowing us to elucidate the mechanisms and pathways through which it may operate (Tylianakis et al. 2008)…

Climate Change Impacts Antarctica's Ross Sea

The Ross Sea, Antarctica’s most pristine region, is experiencing anomalously marked increase in sea ice concentration. Future changes in atmospheric temperatures and wind speeds, however, will likely produce a noticeably different environment. Smith et al. examines the effect of projected changes in atmospheric temperatures and winds on aspects of ocean circulation and its implications for primary…

Ecology and Evolution of Invasive Mosquito Disease Vectors

This presentation will describe interspecific interactions and trait evolution associated with encounters in nature between Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the most important vectors of dengue and chikungunya viruses. Effects of larval competition on dengue transmission in nature will also be discussed.

Mosquito biology, especially ecology and behavior, is the focus of Phil Lounibos’s laboratory located in Vero Beach, Florida.

Failures of Nuclear Safety and Regulatory Reform in Japan -- The Case of Fukushima. Professor Hideaki Shiroyama, Vice Dean, Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo

Professor Hideaki Shiroyama, Graduate School of Public Policy at The University of Tokyo (Todai), will be visiting Yale on Friday, February 28, 2014, and will give a Special Lecture in the YCEI series on Interdisciplinary Topics in Energy. The lecture will discuss failures of regulatory policy and nuclear safety in Japan, along with proposals for reform, in light of the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, which was caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the resulting tsunami on March 11, 2011.

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