YCEI Speaker Series: Past
12/01/2014 - 2:00pm | Geo-engineering Impacts on the Hydrological Cycle, Jon Egill Kristjansson, University of Oslo
As global anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise, there is an increasing risk of serious disruptions in ecosystems due to global warming. As a consequence, research on climate engineering (CE) is receiving growing attention, also among climate scientists. But, even basic CE research using Earth System Models (ESMs) raises a series of ethical questions that need to be considered. Also, CE carries a risk of serious side effects, e.g., concerning the hydrological cycle.
11/03/2014 - 2:00pm | Deep Ocean Circulation in the North Atlantic and Rapid Climate Change During the Last Ice Age
Jerry McManus, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Rapid climate changes characterized the last ice age and deglaciation, with dramatic warming following the coldest intervals in the northern hemisphere. The repeated pattern of alternating temperature swings revealed in ice cores from Greenland and Antactica suggest a bipolar see-saw of heat redistribution by a dynamical component of the Earth system such as the large scale Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). Computer model simulations support this possibility, yet direct evidence for these changes in deep ocean circulation has been difficult to obtain.
10/27/2014 - 2:00pm | South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ) Variability and Biases in Models. Ben Lintner
10/20/2014 - 2:00pm | Elements of Sea Level in a Changing Climate. Stephen Griffies, NOAA
04/29/2014 - 2:00pm | Ecology and Evolution of Invasive Mosquito Disease Vectors
Phil Lounibos, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory. University of Florida
This presentation will describe interspecific interactions and trait evolution associated with encounters in nature between Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the most important vectors of dengue and chikungunya viruses. Effects of larval competition on dengue transmission in nature will also be discussed.
Mosquito biology, especially ecology and behavior, is the focus of Phil Lounibos’s laboratory located in Vero Beach, Florida.
04/22/2014 - 4:00pm | Wind at the Margins of the State: Autonomy and Renewable Energy in Southern Mexico
Dominic Boyer and Cymene Howe, Department of Anthropology, Rice University
In Oaxaca’s Isthmus of Tehuantepec, state and private interests have created the densest development of wind power anywhere in the world. This presentation examines how a governmentally supported, ecologically timely project, the Mareña Renovables wind park, failed in the face of unprecedented local resistance.
04/22/2014 - 4:00pm | A Changing Biosphere and the Future of Planet Earth
G. Warfield "Skip" Hobbs
Since its creation 4.5 billion years ago, Earth has experienced constant change. Whereas geologic change usually requires tens of thousands—if not hundreds of thousands or millions—of years, human civilization has made and continues to make profound changes to the planet in a much shorter time. These changes have altered the chemistry and physical state of the atmosphere and oceans at rates that have not previously occurred in geologic history, except possibly during a few cataclysmic events.
04/16/2014 - 3:30pm | China's Climate Policy: Recent Developments and Future Scenarios
Prof. Zhang Xiliang, Institute for Energy, Environment, and Economy, Tsinghua University | , Dr. Valerie J. Karplus, Senior Lecturer, MIT Sloan School of Management
As part of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (2011-2015), China is experimenting with policies new to its domestic context for climate change mitigation, including carbon intensity targets and, most recently, an emissions trading system on a pilot scale. This presentation discusses how climate policy is developed in China, focusing on the major institutions and stakeholders involved. China’s climate change policy decisions are then discussed in the context of the country’s ongoing economic development and reform program.
04/15/2014 - 2:30pm | Assessing the Consequences of Carbon Mitigation Options for Water Resources: A Case Study from Australia
Karen Hussey, Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University
The climate-energy-water nexus is one of the most challenging environmental issues of the 21st century. This talk analyzes the policy decision by the Australian government to centre its climate policy on sequestering carbon in the landscape and presents some potentially damaging outcomes that may arise from this strategy. The findings are relevant to other regions that are currently under water stress or may be in a changing climate.
04/14/2014 - 2:00pm | Impacts of Aerosols on Arctic Mixed-Phase Boundary Clouds During M-PACE and ISDAC Field Campaigns: Implications for Modelling Studies
Greg McFarquhar, University of Illinois, Department of Atmospheric Sciences
Comprehensive data on arctic boundary layer aerosol and cloud microphysical and radiative properties were collected during the 2004 Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE) and the 2008 Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC). During M-PACE, the University of North Dakota Citation executed spiral ascents and descents through 27 mixed-phase clouds on 7 separate days over ground-based remote sensing sites at Barrow and Oliktok Point, Alaska.
03/31/2014 - 12:00pm | Evolution in the Anthropocene: Population Genomics of NYC Wildlife
Jason Munshi-South, Fordham University's Louis Calder Center
Over 50% of humans now lives in cities, and urbanization is one of the most important drivers of land transformation around the world. Increasingly, human-drive changes such as urbanization or global climate change are also selective forces driving rapid evolutionary change in other species. This presentation describes ongoing efforts to develop white-footed mice (and a few other species) in New York City as models for examining the evolutionary implications of urbanization.
03/25/2014 - 4:00pm | Energy and Human Frailty. Laura Nader, University of California
Laura Nader, University of California
Laura Nader has authored over 300 book and articles in a storied career that includes becoming the first tenured woman in Anthropology at the University of California.
There will be three opportunities to hear her speak at Yale on March 25:
11:30 Book talk, Culture and Dignity: Dialogues Between the Middle East and the West. (Room 208, Whitney Humanities Center)
2:15 Screening of her film, Losing Knowledge: 50 Years of Change in Oaxaca, Mexico. (Burke Auditorium, Kroon Hall)
02/28/2014 - 2:30pm | Failures of Nuclear Safety and Regulatory Reform in Japan -- The Case of Fukushima. Professor Hideaki Shiroyama, Vice Dean, Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo
Professor Hideaki Shiroyama, Vice Dean, Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo
Professor Hideaki Shiroyama, Graduate School of Public Policy at The University of Tokyo (Todai), will be visiting Yale on Friday, February 28, 2014, and will give a Special Lecture in the YCEI series on Interdisciplinary Topics in Energy. The lecture will discuss failures of regulatory policy and nuclear safety in Japan, along with proposals for reform, in light of the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, which was caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the resulting tsunami on March 11, 2011.
02/18/2014 - 5:30pm | Can Capitalism Really Save the Planet? Environmental journalist Todd Wilkinson discusses his new book on the life and environmental legacy of Ted Turner
02/17/2014 - 2:00pm | Global Decadal Hydroclimate Variability in Observations and Models, with Richard Seager of Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Richard Seager, Lamont-Doherty Earth Obervatory at Columbia University
02/17/2014 - 9:30am | 2 Talks by Benjamin Sovacool, Director of the Danish Center of Energy Technology and Vermont Law School: (i) Publishing in Academia, (ii) Barriers to Energy Innovation
Dr. Sovacool is Professor of Business and Social Sciences at Aarhus University in Denmark and Associate Professor of Law at Vermont Law School. He is an internationally renowned scholar and energy policy expert who has authored and edited 16 books and more than 250 peer-reviewed articles, chapters, and reports. He is also the editor-in-chief of Energy Research and Social Science, published by Elsevier. Professor Sovacool has served in advisory and research capacities at the U.S.
02/12/2014 - 5:30pm | 50 Shades of Green with Brian Keene, Author of Nature's Trust: Environmental Law for a New Ecological Age
02/07/2014 - 2:00pm | Grand Challenges of Clouds: From Ice Crystal Formation to the Influence of Aerosols and Clouds on Climate. Ulrike Lohmann, IAC-ETH
12/04/2013 - 11:30am | The Captured Garden: Substance Under Capitalism
Steven Stoll, Fordham University
Steven Stoll of Fordham University studies the history of agrarian society in the United States because he’s found that “agriculture offers the ideal vantage from which to observe the intersection of ideas and practices, economies and landscapes.”
His presentation was videotaped and is presented below:
11/21/2013 - 5:00pm | Climate Change Adaptation in Megacities
11/18/2013 - 4:30pm | Will a Warmer World Be a Sicker World?
Kevin Lafferty; US Geological Survey
Kevin Lafferty is an ecologist with the US Geological Survey. He is also adjunct faculty at UC Santa Barbara where he helps run the ecological parasitology research group and mentors a half dozen PhD students. His research interests include how infectious diseases interact with food webs, conservation, marine ecology, human health, climate change, and biodiversity.
11/18/2013 - 2:00pm | Going Local: Making Climate Assessments More Relevant for Decision Makers In New England
Cameron Wake, Research Associate Professor, Earth Systems Research Center Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire
Cameron Wake is a research associate professor in climatology at the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of New Hampshire. He also has a joint appointment in the UNH Department of Earth Sciences and is the Josephine A. Lamprey Fellow in Climate and Sustainability at the UNH Sustainability Institute.
11/14/2013 - 11:30am | Global Environmental Justice: A Public Political Ecology of the Carbon Economy
Tracey Osborne, University of Arizona; Assistant Professor in the School of Geography and Development; Director of the Public Political Ecology Lab
Tracey Osborne is Assistant Professor in the School of Geography and Development and Director of the Public Political Ecology Lab at the University of Arizona. Her research investigates the political ecology of environmental markets, particularly carbon markets, and their implications for the lives and livelihoods of forest communities in the Global South. Specifically, she explores the intersection of carbon markets, development, and agrarian change as they relate to forestry-based carbon initiatives in Mexico.
10/30/2013 - 3:30pm | The Electric Power Industry: Between Tradition and Disruption
Brian Marrs, NRG
*NOTE CHANGE OF LOCATION TO BURKE AUDITORIUM, KROON HALL*
Brian Marrs is a Senior Analyst in Strategy, Policy, and Sustainability for NRG Energy, the largest competitive power producer in the United States. He holds degrees in Foreign Affairs and Middle Eastern Studies from the University of Virginia and a Master’s degree from the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies (FES ‘12). Prior to Yale, Brian worked as a power systems economist for Vattenfall Europe, based out of Berlin, Germany.
10/28/2013 - 2:00pm | New York City's Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resilience: Strengths and Limitations of Climate Model-Based Approaches
Radley Horton, Associate Research Scientist, Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University Earth Institute
Radley Horton from Columbia University Earth Institute will speak on climate projections for New York City. The $20 billion Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency (SIRR) Plan for New York is grounded upon climate risk information provided by the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC). This expert panel, tasked with advising the City on climate-related issues, completed a ‘rapid response’ climate assessment with updated climate projections.
10/21/2013 - 2:00pm | Can Renewables Address Energy Poverty in India?
Johannes Urpelainen, Assistant Professor of Political Science; Columbia University
Johannes Urpelainen is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Columbia University. His talk examines the potential for using renewable sources of energy, notably solar power, to combat energy poverty in India where two-thirds of the population relies on traditional biomass for cooking and one-third does not have access to basic household electricity.
10/17/2013 - 11:30am | Praxis, Ethics & Outcomes From Doing Science in a Nuclear World
Barbara Rose Johnston, Center for Political Ecology
Our featured speaker is Barbara Rose Johnston of the Center for Political Ecology. Barbara is an environmental anthropologist whose research explores the linkages between environmental crisis and human rights abuse, seeking acknowledgment and implementation of the right to a healthy environment, environmental equity, and the right to reparation and remedy.
10/15/2013 - 1:00pm | Peter Rhines: What Do Climate Models Need to Know About the Sub-Polar Oceans?
Peter Rhines, University of Washington
Peter Rhines visits us from the University of Washington’s School of Oceanography. His research interests include: High latitude climate: field observations in the subpolar Atlantic; Geophysical Fluid Dynamics laboratory, theory and observations of waves and circulation; atmospheric dynamics; oceanic eddies and their relation with the general circulation; teaching environmental science and its relationships with human activity.
10/07/2013 - 2:00pm | Deriving local climate information from global models
Raymond W. Arritt, Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University
Raymond Arritt’s research emphasis is on regional-scale atmospheric processes, focusing on the interactions of the atmosphere with terrain and land-surface properties. Adaptation to climate change requires decision making at the scale of cities to states to nations. In contrast global climate models solve their equations at points separated by 100 kilometers or more. This limitation means that they often do not realistically include influences on local and regional climate such as terrain and coastlines, or small-scale weather and climate phenomena such as thunderstorms.
09/30/2013 - 2:00pm | Air Pollution Kills! So What? Air Quality Engineering to Improve Public Health
09/26/2013 - 5:30pm | Nature - Culture - Action!
Diego Angarita, Co-op Power of New England , Dr. Annie Harper, Coordinator of the Yale Community Carbon Fund
Dr. Annie Harper of the Yale Community Carbon Fund, and Diego Angarita, a Board Member of Co-op Power of New England will give 15 minute talks followed by question and answer from the audience on re-scaling the energy grid, increasing community ownership of energy resources and other pertinent issues for those interested in effecting change in their own backyard.
09/24/2013 - 4:30pm | Cascading Complexity: Models, Tsetse, Climate Change and Agriculture
Joseph Messina, Michigan State University
Joseph Messina is Professor of Geography and Acting Director of the Center for Global Change and Earth Observations at Michigan State University. He holds a Ph.D. in Geography from UNC- Chapel Hill (2001). He has worked in the Amazon, SE Asia, and East Africa on human – environment interactions, infectious diseases, and land change science. In Michigan, he explores issues related to health care access and recently co-authored a new standard for hospital services.
05/02/2013 - 4:00pm | Ice Cloud Seeding: A Viable Geoengineering Mechanism?
04/26/2013 - 1:00pm | Mapping Populations and Malarial Mobility in Africa
04/11/2013 - 4:00pm | The Natural Gas Revolution and the Electricity Sector: The Good, The Bad, and the Uncertain
04/10/2013 - 4:00pm | The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions by 2050: The Pivotal Role of Electricity
04/10/2013 - 10:00am | The Risks and Eﬃcacy of Solar Geoengineering
David Keith — Harvard University
David Keith appointments are at Harvard where he serves as the Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. Professor Keith has worked near the interface between climate science, energy technology and public policy for twenty years.
03/28/2013 - 6:00pm | The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World
Daniel Yergin; Pultzer Prize winning author
Daniel Yergin is Vice Chairman of IHS and the founder of IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates. He is a highly respected authority on energy, international politics, and economics, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his book The Prize. The New York Times has called him “America’s most influential energy pundit.” His ne
03/28/2013 - 4:00pm | POSTPONED -- The Technology Path to Deep Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions by 2050: The Pivotal Role of Electricity
03/27/2013 - 4:00pm | The technology path to deep greenhouse gas emissions cuts: the role of electricity
03/25/2013 - 12:00pm | Climate and the seasonality of respiratory infections: a conundrum across latitudes
03/13/2013 - 1:00pm | Climate Change & the Emergence of Vector-borne Disease in Canada
03/04/2013 - 2:00pm | Exploring the response of Earth's hydrologic cycle to geoengineering
Dr. Philip Rasch—Chief Scientist for Climate Science at the Paciﬁc Northwest National Laboratory
Dr. Philip Rasch serves as the Chief Scientist for Climate Science at the Paciﬁc Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), a Department of Energy Oﬃce of Science research laboratory. Dr. Rasch is internationally known for his work in general circulation, atmospheric chemistry, and climate modeling. He is particularly interested in the role of aerosols and clouds in the atmosphere, and has worked on the processes that describe these components of the atmosphere, the computational details that are needed to describe them in computer models, and on their impact on climate.
02/27/2013 - 8:15pm | Parenting the Planet
02/25/2013 - 1:00pm | Climate and the Seasonality of Respiratory Infections: A Conundrum Across Latitudes
01/17/2013 - 4:00pm | Shale-Gas Development Effects on North-Central Applachian Landscapes
11/29/2012 - 4:00pm | Capillary Tension and Imbibition Sequester Frack Fluid in Marcellus Gas Shale
11/26/2012 - 2:00pm | Heat Waves in a Changing Climate
11/15/2012 - 4:00pm | Gas Rush: A Reporter's Perspective
11/07/2012 - 4:30pm | Regional Perspectives
10/08/2012 - 6:00pm | Understanding trends and extremes in climate
Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, Director of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ
Venkatachalam Ramaswamy, Director, Geophysical Fluids Laboratory, Princeton University, delivers a lecture entitled, “Understanding Trends and Extremes in Climate”.