Frogs that eat holiday lights, birds that eat plastic, and beetles attempting to mate with beer bottles are all examples of organisms that have fallen victim to what biologists call “evolutionary traps.” Whereas natural selection typically produces organisms that behave in ways to maximize their fitness, resulting in more offspring passing their genes onto the next generation, human actions sometimes short-circuit the process…
formerly “Climate Science” this has been updated in recognition of the fact that ALL of our articles, events, etc. involve climate sciience. ”Climate change” is intended to suggest changing elements of the climate: e.g., shifts in global oceanic and atmospheric circulation and ensuing changes to temperature, precipitation, groundwater levels, saltwater intrusion.
Biologists increasingly realize that understanding the impact of global change on biological processes requires accounting for fine-grain environmental variability (Potter, Arthur Woods, & Pincebourde, 2013). Similarly, climatologists have found that increasing the resolution of climate models typically produces better simulations of climate and precipitation…
Clark University’s Christopher Williams trained as a land surface hydrologist and terrestrial ecosystem ecologist. Clark University’s website reports on his work:
“Chris investigates how earth’s biosphere responds to natural and human perturbations such as severe drought events, bark beetle outbreaks, fires, harvesting, and land cover changes.”
Carbon dioxide transfer from inland waters to the atmosphere is a significant component of the global carbon cycle. Global estimates of CO2 transfer have been hampered, however, by a lack of a framework for estimating the inland water surface area and gas transfer velocity and the absence of a global CO2 database. Here we report regional variations in global inland water surface area, dissolved CO2 and gas transfer velocity.
Mary Louise Timmermans introduces Peter Rhines who shares his latest field observations from the subpolar Atlantic and how they inform the efforts of climate modelers. Peter visits us from the University of Washington’s School of Oceanography.
Understanding the global carbon budget is vital for managing climate change. Understanding the processes that regulate the carbon budget is critical to devising long-term conservation, mitigation, and restoration strategies. It is well known that through biogeochemical cycling processes, ecosystems around the globe …
Trude Storelvmo, Department of Geology & Geophysics at Yale University, explains how various species of aerosol differentially effect cloud formation and the consequences for radiative forcing. She further explains some of the implications of those findings for proposed geo-engineered options such as cloud seeding to counteract the effect of the buildup of greenhouse gases.
Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute at The University of Tokyo, lectures on Modeling the 100,000-year Glacial-interglacial Cycles: Forcing and Feedback.
Nadine Unger, Department of Geology & Geophysics and School of Forestry & Environmental Studies at Yale University, explains the advantages of considering multiple species of aerosols based on their industrial source and the implications for regulating how they enter the environment. The agricultural sector receives special attention as the significance of biogenic volatile organic carbon emissions (Bvoc) may have been previously overlooked.
Bill Boos introduces Professor Yutaka Kondo, Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, as the first speaker in a day-long symposium devoted to recent advanced in atmospheric science. Professor Kondo discusses a range of chemical and physical processes incorporating recent models and in situ measurements.