Perspectives

Contributors:

Adam Rosenblatt

Climate change will alter myriad natural processes as precipitation patterns shift and oceanic and atmospheric temperatures and CO2 concentrations rise. Modern ecology and environmental science has already examined the potential effects of climate change on species and ecosystems, allowing us to elucidate the mechanisms and pathways through which it may operate (Tylianakis et al. 2008)…

Contributors:

Jonathan Mellor

Human-induced climate change is altering precipitation patterns in most parts of the world (Stocker et al., 2013). In the future, climate change will likely exacerbate droughts (Trenberth et al., 2014; Dai, 2012) and drastically increase the likelihood of floods throughout many parts of South America, Africa and southern Asia (Hirabayashi  et al., 2013) …

Contributors:

Adam Wilson

Biologists increasingly realize that understanding the impact of global change on biological processes requires accounting for fine-grain environmental variability (Potter, Arthur Woods, & Pincebourde, 2013). Similarly, climatologists have found that increasing the resolution of climate models typically produces better simulations of climate and precipitation…

Contributors:

Xavier Levine

Dry regions, where evaporation and evapotranspiration exceed the annual mean precipitation, cover about 40% of Earth’s land surface and affect the livelihood of …

Contributors:

Maria Andrea Pinones

Regional climate responds to global temperature trends, but is also influenced by regional-specific and/or hemispheric processes.  For example, as a result of global warming and higher polar…

Contributors:

The increasing cost of petroleum extraction, awareness of anthropogenic climate change, and electrification of transportation have combined to help accelerate the demand…

Intact ecological communities provide important ecosystem services including pest and disease control, clean water, coastal protection, and pollination (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005). All species exist as members of ecological communities…

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