Perspectives

Contributors:

Srinath Krisnan

Lyme disease is one of the most frequently reported vector-borne diseases in the United States with an estimated 20,000 cases per year (Bacon et al., 2008). In the United States, it was first identified in a cluster of children in Lyme, CT in 1976 (Steere, 1989). While initially diagnosed as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, it was later diagnosed as Lyme arthritis, a late manifestation of tick-transmitted Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a tick-borne zoonosis caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, referred to as a spirochete. It is a multi-system inflammatory disease that first affects the

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Climate change will alter myriad natural processes as precipitation patterns shift and oceanic and atmospheric temperatures and CO2 concentrations rise. Modern ecology and environmental science has already examined the potential effects of climate change on species and ecosystems, allowing us to elucidate the mechanisms and pathways through which it may operate (Tylianakis et al. 2008)…

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Human-induced climate change is altering precipitation patterns in most parts of the world (Stocker et al., 2013). In the future, climate change will likely exacerbate droughts (Trenberth et al., 2014; Dai, 2012) and drastically increase the likelihood of floods throughout many parts of South America, Africa and southern Asia (Hirabayashi  et al., 2013) …

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Biologists increasingly realize that understanding the impact of global change on biological processes requires accounting for fine-grain environmental variability (Potter, Arthur Woods, & Pincebourde, 2013). Similarly, climatologists have found that increasing the resolution of climate models typically produces better simulations of climate and precipitation…

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Dry regions, where evaporation and evapotranspiration exceed the annual mean precipitation, cover about 40% of Earth’s land surface and affect the livelihood of …

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Regional climate responds to global temperature trends, but is also influenced by regional-specific and/or hemispheric processes.  For example, as a result of global warming and higher polar…

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The increasing cost of petroleum extraction, awareness of anthropogenic climate change, and electrification of transportation have combined to help accelerate the demand…

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