In 1896 Svante Arrhenius published On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground which laid out the foundation of how carbon dioxide affects global climate. His suggestion that global coal production (then 500 million tons per year) could be so disruptive has been verified, hastened by soaring fossil fuel consumption, including a 17-fold increase in coal…
Renewable energy-based grids of the future face technical challenges on a large scale, the most obvious of which is the intermittent nature of most renewable sources of power: Solar and wind power both vary throughout daily and yearly cycles, while both are subject to highly unpredictable weather conditions. While past studies have demonstrated that this variability can be balanced with fast-ramp…
Jordan’s research focuses on semiconductor material growth and device physics. He received his B.S. in Engineering Physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 2007 and Ph.D. in Materials from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2012. At Berkeley, he worked on the growth and characterization of Perovskite oxide thin films under Profs. Yuri Suzuki and R. Ramesh in the multifunctional oxides group. Following this, he worked briefly at SunPower Corporation in San Jose, CA – a maker of high efficiency silicon photovoltaics. He then went on to UCSB under Prof.
Luke Tonachel, Senior Vehicles Analyst, Energy & Transportation Program for the NRDC discusses the progress made in fuel efficiency standards in the last six years, and the work remaining to reduce transportation sector oil and gas dependence in order to meet CO2 reduction goals.
Clouds, air pollutants, and the underlying landscapes all impact Earth’s energy budget in complex and competing ways. Atmospheric scientists from Yale and Tokyo’s Todai University gathered at a YCEI sponsored forum in September to share how they use climate models to study how humans affect this nuanced system—and how we can possibly counteract global warming by manipulating cloud formation.
Over the last decade, the world’s solar photovoltaic (PV) industry grew robustly – bucking the trend of other industries during the downturn of 2008 - with a sustained annual growth rate of 52%. Over the same period, Chinese production of the dominant PV product, crystalline silicon (c-Si) PV, increased from negligible to nearly two-thirds of global output.
Geophysicist and YCEI postdoctoral researcher Christopher MacMinn will join the University of Oxford in October as a University Lecturer in Engineering Science. The appointment comes at an exciting time, as the world looks for economically and environmentally viable ways to store captured CO2, just one potential application for his research into the physics of fluid flows in the earth’s subsurface.
A key challenge in large-scale carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration is that injecting large amounts of CO2 pressurizes the subsurface. This pressurization is one fundamental limit on reservoir capacity because of the risk of reservoir damage and leakage. A new study by Kyung Won Chang and colleagues at the University of Texas at Austin will help to clarify this limitation. They study the role of pressure dissipation through the low-permeability layers that surround the injection reservoir.
Senator Murphy’s address, with presentations from speakers and questions and answers from the audience.
How will global warming affect New England in the 21st century and how is the region preparing for the coming changes? On September 13th Yale Climate & Energy Institute hosted a town hall meeting on these questions, featuring short talks by climate and infrastructure experts and a panel discussion with Senator Chris Murphy (D, CT).