Adaptation

Land-based Strategies to Reduce Future Heat Island-related Mortality

Urban centers have been warming at double the global rate the last half-century. High daily temperatures are associated with increased mortality. Sustained increases in temperatures projected under most climate models represent a significant public health problem that may increase weather-related mortality in the United States. In a first of its kind study, Stone et al., (2014) modeled how local climate action plans that integrate land-based mitigation strategies through albedo and vegetation enhancement can mitigate future increases in heat-related mortality…

Electricity Access for India's Poor is Minor Contributor to Emissions Growth

Rapid expansion of electrical service in developing countries is a common concern in the climate change community. The aspiration for universal access to electric power is understandable; electricity is crucial to alleviation of poverty, but the accompanying increased burning of fossil fuels to supply that energy potentially hinders efforts to mitigate climate change.

A recent study in Nature Climate Change uses two national datasets to quantify the…

Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed

Dale Jamieson’s new book boasts a provocative title: Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed – And What it Means for Our Future. Jamieson makes his position and intent clear from the outset, stating that “the dusk has started to fall with respect to climate change… We can now begin the process of understanding why the global attempt to prevent serious anthropogenic climate change failed and begin to chart a course for living in a world that has been remade by human action” (p. ix). This…

Predicting the Cascading Effects of Climate Change on Ecosystems: "Staggeringly Complex"

Predicting the effects of climate change on the structure and function of ecosystems is difficult because most ecosystems are staggeringly complex, with many directly and indirectly interacting animal and plant species. A recent study by Christenson and colleagues attempts to track the effects of climate change through a forest ecosystem in the northeastern US to understand how one climatic alteration might affect the plant community through multiple pathways…

Shaping the Electric Grid. Lawrence Jones, Alstom's VP for Utility Innovations

Lawrence Jones will be talking about how major trends in data and development are converging on utility networks for energy and water, through specific projects he’s worked on in the US, Africa, and Europe. Big picture strategies – hybrid solutions, utility transition, adaptation pathways – through the lens of case studies.

Rain Water Harvesting: An Adaptive Strategy for Tamil Nadu, India

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is an ancient technique to store water for domestic or agricultural use. It can be an important technology for regions where rainfall variability threatens water and food supplies and economic security. As such, it has the potential to be an important adaptation technology for resource-limited communities to counter the increased variability of rainfall patterns from climate change. A review article in

Lifestyles of the High and Low GHG Emitters

Where should you live to most reduce your carbon footprint? It seems obvious that city life with smaller homes, mass transportation, and easy access to shops and restaurants is preferable to the suburbs with its cars and bigger homes. But how about the benefits of rural areas where people grow their food and live closer to the land? What about regional climate, income and energy price differences? A recent analysis by Jones and Kammen (2013)…

Cold-adapted Species May Be Winners Under Climate Change

As the climate warms, all species will either need to find new habitats with similar temperatures to those they currently occupy or evolve new thermal tolerances. Recent research by Araujo and colleagues suggests that some species may be able to adapt to new, higher temperatures better than others. Specifically, the authors analyzed the heat and cold tolerance capabilities of 2740 terrestrial

Mining the written history of medieval Ireland for connections to human violence and climate change.

Francis Ludlow is a Postdoctoral Fellow with the Yale Climate & Energy Institute, where he works with Prof. Benedict Kiernan of the Department of History and Prof. Michael R. Dove of the School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, on a project entitled Climate as Catalyst in 1,224 Years of Violence and Conflict in Ireland, 425-1649 CE. From 2013-2014 Francis held the position of Carson Fellow at …

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